دوره SANS Cyber Security Pack Level 5 | SOC

مروری بر دوره

همانطوری که می دانید امنیت سایبری یکی از مهمترین بخش های یک شرکت یا سازمان را شامل می شود که افرادی کمی هستند که در این حوزه تخصص لازم را داشته باشند یکی از رشته های امنیت سایبری SOC می باشد که مخفف Security Operating Center می باشد که مرکز عملیات امنیت می باشد متخصصینی که در این واحد مشغول می شوند وظیفه مانیتورینگ و اعمال امنیت را برروی ساختار شبکه را برعهده دارند امروزه دیگر هر شرکت و سازمانی به SOC و متخصصین این رشته نیاز دارد و از آنجایی که حملات سایبری روز به روز در حال توسعه و پیشرفت می باشند لذا اهمیت این دوره برای یادگیری و بالا بردن مهارت ها بیشتر شده است دانشجویان در این دوره با مباحث اولیه SOC و مدیریت SOC آشنا خواهد شد و می تواند بعد از گذارندن این دوره وارد قسمت SOC شرکت ها و سازمان ها شود نکته دیگر این است که این دوره براساس آخرین سیلابس شرکت SANS بزرگترین شرکت آموزشی امنیت سایبری دنیا طراحی شده است که مورد تایید کمپانی های امنیتی در ایران و خارج از کشور می باشد.

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آنچه خواهید آموخت

  • آشنایی با ابزارهای Blue Team
  • آشنایی با قسمت های مختلف شبکه
  • آشنایی با مفاهیم Log و File
  • آشنایی با Log Analysis
  • آشنایی با مفاهیم Analysis Automation
  • طراحی SOC
  •   شناسایی حملات
  • آشنایی با Incident Response

سرفصل ها

SANS SEC 450(Blue Team Fundemental)

SEC450.1: Blue Team Tools and Operations

Introduction to the Blue Team

What is a SOC? What is the mission?

Why are we being attacked?

Modern defense mindset

The challenges of SOC work

SOC Overview

The people, process, and technology of a SOC

Aligning the SOC with your organization

SOC functional component overview

Tiered vs. tierless SOCs

Important operational documents

Defensible Network Concepts

Understanding what it takes to be defensible

Network security monitoring (NSM) concepts

NSM event collection

NSM by network layer

Continuous security monitoring (CSM) concepts

CSM event collection

Monitoring sources overview

Data centralization

Events, Alerts, Anomalies, and Incidents

Event collection

Event log flow

Alert collection

Alert triage and log flow

Signatures vs. anomalies

Alert triage workflow and incident creation

Incident Management Systems

SOC data organization tools

Incident management systems options and features

Data flow in incident management systems

Case creation, alerts, observables, playbooks, and workflow

Case and alert naming convention

Incident categorization framework

Threat Intelligence Platforms

What is cyber threat intelligence?

Threat data vs. information vs. intelligence

Threat intel platform options, features, and workflow

Event creation, attributes, correlation, and sharing

SIEM

Benefits of data centralization

SIEM options and features

SIEM searching, visualizations, and dashboards

Use cases and use case databases

Automation and Orchestration

How SOAR works and benefits the SOC

Options and features

SOAR value-adds and API interaction

Data flow between SOAR and the SIEM, incident management system, and threat intelligence platform

Who Are Your Enemies?

Who's attacking us and what do they want?

Opportunistic vs. targeted attackers

Hacktivists, insiders, organized crime, governments

Motivation by attacker group

Case studies of different attack groups

Attacker group naming conventions

 

SEC450.2: Understanding Your Network

Corporate Network Architecture

Routers and security

Zones and traffic flow

Switches and security

VLANs

Home firewall vs. corporate next-gen firewall capabilities

The logical vs. physical network

Points of visibility

Traffic capture

Network architecture design ideals

Zero-trust architecture and least-privilege ideals

Traffic Capture and Analysis

Network traffic capture formats

NetFlow

Layer 7 metadata collection

PCAP collection

Wireshark and Moloch

Understanding DNS

Name to IP mapping structure

DNS server and client types (stub resolvers, forwarding, caching, and authoritative servers)

Walkthrough of a recursive DNS resolution

Request types

Setting records via registrars and on your own server

A and AAAA records

PTR records and when they might fail

TXT records and their uses

CNAME records and their uses

MX records for mail

SRV records

NS records and glue records

DNS analysis and attacks

Detecting requests for malicious sites

Checking domain reputation, age, randomness, length, subdomains

Whois

Reverse DNS lookups and passive DNS

Shared hosting

Detecting DNS recon

Unauthorized DNS server use

Domain shadowing

DNS tunneling

DNS traffic flow and analysis

IDNs, punycode, and lookalike domains

New DNS standards (DNS over TLS, DNS over HTTPS, DNSSEC)

Understanding HTTP and HTTPS

Decoding URLs

HTTP communication between client and server

Browser interpretation of HTTP and REST APIs

GET, POST, and other methods

Request header analysis

Response header analysis

Response codes

The path to the Internet

REST APIs

WebSockets

HTTP/2 & HTTP/3

Analyzing HTTP for Suspicious Activity

HTTP attack and analysis approaches

Credential phishing

Reputation checking

Sandboxing

URL and domain OSINT

Header and content analysis

User-agent deconstruction

Cookies

Base64 encoding works and conversion

File extraction and analysis

High frequency GET/POST activity

Host headers and naked IP addresses

Exploit kits and malicious redirection

HTTPS and certificate inspection

SSL decryption - what you can do with/without it

TLS 1.3

How SMTP and Email Attacks Work

Email delivery infrastructure

SMTP Protocol

Reading email headers and source

Identifying spoofed email

Decoding attachments

How email spoofing works

How SPF works

How DKIM works

How DMARC works

Additional Important Protocols

SMB - versions and typical attacks

DHCP for defenders

ICMP and how it is abused

FTP and attacks

SSH and attacks

PowerShell remoting

 

SEC450.3: Understanding Endpoints, Logs, and Files

Endpoint Attack Tactics

Endpoint attack centricity

Initial exploitation

Service-side vs client-side exploits

Post-exploitation tactics, tools, and explanations - execution, persistence, discovery, privilege escalation, credential access, lateral movement, collection, exfiltration

Endpoint Defense In-Depth

Network scanning and software inventory

Vulnerability scanning and patching

Anti-exploitation

Whitelisting

Host intrusion prevention and detection systems

Host firewalls

File integrity monitoring

Privileged access workstations

Windows privileges and permissions

Endpoint detection and response tools (EDR)

File and drive encryption

Data loss prevention

User and entity behavior analytics (UEBA)

How Windows Logging Works

Channels, event IDs, and sources

XML format and event templates

Log collection path

Channels of interest for tactical data collection

How Linux Logging Works

Syslog log format

Syslog daemons

Syslog network protocol

Log collection path

Systemd journal

Additional command line auditing options

Application logging

Service vs. system logs

Interpreting Important Events

Windows and Linux login events

Process creation logs for Windows and Linux

Additional activity monitoring

Firewall events

Object and file auditing

Service creation and operation logging

New scheduled tasks

USB events

User creation and modification

Windows Defender events

PowerShell logging

Kerberos and Active Directory Events

Authentication and the ticket-granting service

Kerberos authentication steps

Kerberos log events in detail

Log Collection, Parsing, and Normalization

Logging pipeline and collection methods

Windows vs. Linux log agent collection options

Parsing unstructured vs. structured logs

SIEM-centric formats

Efficient searching in your SIEM

The role of parsing and log enrichment

Log normalization and categorization

Log storage and retention lifecycle

Files Contents and Identification

File contents at the byte level

How to identify a file by the bytes

Magic bytes

Nested files

Strings - uses, encoding options, and viewing

Identifying and Handling Suspicious Files

Safely handling suspicious files

Dangerous files types

Exploits vs. program "features"

Exploits vs. Payloads

Executables, scripts, office docs, RTFs, PDFs, and miscellaneous exploits

Hashing and signature verification

Signature inspection and safety of verified files

Inspection methods, detecting malicious scripts and other files

 

 

SEC450.4: Triage and Analysis

Alert Triage and Prioritization

Priority for triage

Spotting late-stage attacks

Attack lifecycle models

Spotting exfiltration and destruction attempts

Attempts to access sensitive users, hosts, and data

Targeted attack identification

Lower-priority alerts

Alert validation

Perception, Memory, and Investigation

The role of perception and memory in observation and analysis

Working within the limitations of short-term memory

Efficiently committing info to long-term memory

Decomposition and externalization techniques

The effects of experience on speed and creativity

Mental Models for Information Security

Network and file encapsulation

Cyber kill chain

Defense-in-depth

NIST cybersecurity framework

Incident response cycle

Threat intelligence levels, models, and uses

F3EAD

Diamond model

The OODA loop

Attack modeling, graph/list thinking, attack trees

Pyramid of pain

MITRE ATT&CK

Structured Analysis Techniques

Compensating for memory and perception issues via structured analysis

System 1 vs. System 2 thinking and battling tacit knowledge

Data-driven vs. concept-driven analysis

Structured analytic techniques

Idea generation and creativity, hypothesis development

Confirmation bias avoidance

Analysis of competing hypotheses

Diagnostic reasoning

Link analysis, event matrices

Analysis Questions and Tactics

Where to start - breaking down an investigation

Alert validation techniques

Sources of network and host information

Data extraction

OSINT sources

Data interpretation

Assessing strings, files, malware artifacts, email, links

Analysis OPSEC

OPSEC vs. your threat model

Traffic light protocol and intel sharing

Permissible action protocol

Common OPSEC failures and how to avoid them

Intrusion Discovery

Dwell time and intrusion type

Determining attacker motivation

Assessing business risk

Choosing an appropriate response

Reacting to opportunistic/targeted attacks

Common missteps in incident response

Incident Closing and Quality Review

Steps for closing incidents

Quality review and peer feedback

Analytical completeness checks

Closed case classification

Attribution

Maintaining quality over time

Premortem and challenge analysis

Peer review, red team, team A/B analysis, and structured self-critique

 

 

 

 

SEC450.5: Continuous Improvement, Analytics, and Automation

Improving Life in the SOC

Expectations vs. common reality

Burnout and stress avoidance

Improvement through SOC human capital theory

The role of automation, operational efficiency, and metrics in burnout

Other common SOC issues

Analytic Features and Enrichment

Goals of analytic creation

Log features and parsing

High-feature vs. low-feature logs

Improvement through SIEM enrichment

External tools and other enrichment sources

New Analytic Design, Testing, and Sharing

Tolerance to false positives/negatives

The false positive paradox

Types of analytics

Feature selection for analytics

Matching with threat intel

Regular expressions

Common matching and rule logic options

Analytic generalization and sharing with Sigma

Tuning and False Positive Reduction

Dealing with alerts and runaway alert queues

How many analysts should you have?

Types of poor alerts

Tuning strategy for poor alert types

Tuning via log field analysis

Using policy to raise fidelity

Sensitivity vs. specificity

Automation and fast lanes

Automation and Orchestration

The definition of automation vs. orchestration

What is SOAR?

SOAR product considerations

Common SOAR use cases

Enumeration and enrichment

Response actions

Alert and case management

The paradox of automation

DIY scripting

Improving Operational Efficiency and Workflow

Micro-automation

Form filling

Text expanders

Email templates

Smart keywords

Browser plugins

Text caching

JavaScript page modification

OS Scripting

Containing Identified Intrusions

Containment and analyst empowerment

Isolation options across network layers - physical, link, network, transport, application

DNS firewalls, HTTP blocking and containment, SMTP, Web Application Firewalls

Host-based containment tools

Skill and Career Development

Learning through conferences, capture-the-flag challenges, and podcasts

Home labs

Writing and public speaking

Techniques for mastery and continual progress

 

 

 

SANS MGT 551(Building and Leading Security Operating Center)

MGT551.1: SOC Design and Operational Planning

Introduction

What we are up against/industry surveys

The average SOC

What top-performing SOCs have in common

SOC trends

Class goals

SOC Functions

 

High-level SOC diagram

SOC functions

Core activities

Auxiliary functions

SOC Planning

 

Do you need a dedicated internal SOC?

What is and what is not a SOC?

Mission and purpose

Requirements

Standards and frameworks

Policies

Roles

Staffing levels

Constituency

Steering committee

Services/Capabilities

Charter

Team Creation, Hiring, and Training

 

Organizational charts

Choosing a tiered vs. tierless SOC

Building a dream team

Interviewing tips and techniques

Interviewing mistakes and avoiding bias

Training plans

Building the SOC

 

Physical space

Analyst/SOC IT considerations

Protecting SOC data

SOC Tools and Technology

 

Foundational network and endpoint collection and detection technologies

"Next-gen" must-have capabilities

Advanced detection technologies

Analyst core toolset

Live response tools

Playbooks and SOAR

Planning tools and frameworks

SOC Enclave and Networking

 

Requirements for SOC connectivity

Protecting SOC Data

SOC networking

SOC data flow

 

MGT551.2: SOC Telemetry and Analysis

Cyber Defense Theory and Mental Models

Ops Tempo and the OODA Loop

Threat modeling

MITRE ATT&CK/Kill Chain

Threat Intel - F3EAD

Pyramid of pain and analytic types

The SOC as an "infinite game"

Prevention and the Future of Security

Defensible network architecture

Hardening at the network and host level

Zero trust best practices

Identity security

Balancing productivity and security

SOC Data Collection

The SOC data collection system

Open-source NSM and host-data tools

Collection issues

Tactical log collection

Audit policy flexibility

Most important data sources

How to collect data

Parsing, filtering, enrichment, and storage

Secure protocols and encrypted traffic analysis

Other Monitoring Use Cases

DevOps telemetry

Chaos engineering and security monitoring

Supply chain security

Business e-mail compromise

Insider threat

Major breach case studies

Using MITRE ATT&CK to Plan Collection

Key data sources

Defense mapping

Assessing your capabilities using DETT&CT

Cyber Threat Intelligence

Threat intelligence types and sources

Consuming and producing intelligence

Mental models for threat intel

Intel transport and use

Threat intelligence platforms and integration

Practical Collection Concerns

Security data collection

Parsing, filtering, categorization, and normalization

Data enrichment

Storage and indexing

 

 

 

 

 

MGT551.3: Attack Detection, Hunting, and Triage

Efficient Alert Triage

•           Triage approach in various SOC staffing models

•           Where to triage alerts

•           What analysis must know

•           Prioritizing sensitive and high-risk accounts

•           Data classification

Capacity Planning

•           Basic and complicating factors in triage capacity planning

•           Estimating workload

•           Factors contributing to alert count

•           Determining the rightnumber of alerts

•           Approaches for handling excessive alerts

Detection Engineering

•           SOC threat detection systems

•           Analytic outcomes and tuning

•           Writing high-fidelity rules

•           Use case tracking and storage

•           Risk-based scoring and alert aggregation

Analytic and Analysis Frameworks and Tools

•           Blue team knowledge standardization and upcoming tools

•           ATT&CK Navigator

•           Yara

•           Sigma

•           Jupyter notebooks

•           Detection testing labs

Threat Hunting

•           What is threat hunting and why is it needed?

•           Scheduling

•           Data quality

•           Hunting process and techniques

•           Hunting maturity model

•           Showing the value of threat hunting

Active Defense

•           What is active defense/deception?

•           Active defense techniques and goals

•           Active defense tooling

 

MGT551.4: Incident Response

Investigation

Investigation mindset

Avoiding bias

Analysis of Competing Hypothesis

Useful investigative techniques

Incident Response (IR) Planning

IR policy, plans, and procedures

Staffing for IR

Communication guidelines and methods

Incident response procedure overview

Preparation

Defensible network architecture

The Center for Internet Security (CIS) Controls

Securing high-value assets

Incident response procedures

Developing IR playbooks using RE&CT

Incident response communications

Identification, Containment, and Eradication

When to call incident

Triggering the incident response process and assembling the team

Incident categorization

Data acquisition

Containment procedures

Incident documentation

Preparing your IR "go bag"

Threat eradication

Preserving evidence and engaging law enforcement

Recovery and Post-Incident

Writing the incident report

Collecting intelligence

Additional logging during and after incidents

IR plan improvement

Incident Response in the Cloud

Preparing your cloud environment for detection and response

Containment in the cloud

Dealing with a Breach

Crisis management process and key functions

Crisis communications

Breach case studies

IR Tools

EDR, NDR, and XDR

Windows Management Instrumentation and command line incident response

Live response tools

Forensic analysis tools

Malware analysis tools

Continuous Improvement

Collaborative problem solving

Improving shared knowledge

Designing tabletop exercises

 

 

 

MGT551.5: Metrics, Automation, and Continuous Improvement

Staff Retention and Mitigation of Burnout

•           Cultivating intrinsic motivation in your team

•           SOC human capital model

o          Growth, skills, empowerment, and creativity

o          Automation, Ops efficiency, management/metrics

•           Burnout mitigation tactics for new and experienced analysts

•           Optimizing tasks for analyst growth

•           Performance management

Metrics, Goals, and Effective Execution

•           Daily Ops vs. initiatives

•           Metrics vs. KPIs. vs. OKRs

•           Selecting Metrics

o          Metrics sampling rates

•           Selecting KPIs

o          Organizing operational measures

•           Creating OKRs

•           Successful execution

o          Metrics types

o          Goal setting

o          Acting on the right metrics

o          Scoreboards

o          Keeping a cadence of accountability

Measurement and Prioritization Issues

•           Levels and types of measurement

•           The downside of risk matrices and CVSS scoring

•           The right kinds of measurements

•           Quantitative and qualitative measurement with examples

Strategic Planning and Communications

•           Building a strategic SOC plan

•           Executing your strategic plan

•           Maintaining direction, alignment, and commitment

•           Measuring SOC maturity with SOC-CMM

•           Storytelling and visualization in security

Analytic Testing and Adversary Emulation

•           Analytic testing

o          Analytic testing tools

o          Automated assessments

•           Penetration resting, red teaming, and adversary emulation

•           Purple team vs. red team execution and benefits

•           Purple teaming

o          Benefits

o          Methodology and execution

o          Reporting and tracking tools

Automation and Analyst Engagement

•           Types of automation

•           A 5-step approach to applying automation in the SOC

•           Automating SOC workflows with SOAR

•           Six sigma concepts

•           Gamification of SOC tasks and workflows

•           Optimizing for continuous engagement

 

 

مخاطبان دوره

  • کارشناسان امنیت سایبری
  • کارشناسان تست نفوذ
  • کارشناسان فارنزیک
  • کارشناسان شبکه

پیش نیازها

  • SANS Pack Level 1 یا CEH و یا PWK

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